Hormones & fertility

Hormones & fertility
Hormones & fertility

The Skin and Nutrition Clinic specialises in hormones, not just in relation to weight loss, but also the following conditions:


Our natural approach to treating fertility investigates the underlying multi-factorial problems to your fertility/hormonal problems, to increase the chances of conceiving and help patients who suffer from a variety of hormonal conditions ranging from PCOS, PCOD, endometriosis and more. We help you to make the appropriate lifestyle changes following blood tests, diet, nutriceuticals and phytomedicine. *

*Results may vary from person to person.

Over the decades, fertility problems have increased dramatically. A number of underlying health conditions can lead to fertility-related problems and include among others:

  • Health and lifestyle**
  • Ovulatory failure**
  • Endometriosis**
  • Male sperm quality**
  • Low oestrogen levels**
  • Hormonal imbalance**
  • Obesity related to hormonal imbalance**


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Symptoms may include:

  • Irregular periods, or a complete lack of periods**
  • Irregular ovulation, or no ovulation at all**
  • Reduced fertility – difficulty becoming pregnant**
  • Unwanted facial or body hair (hirsutism)**
  • Oily skin, acne**
  • Thinning hair or hair loss from the scalp (alopecia)**
  • Weight problems – being overweight, rapid weight gain, difficulty losing weight**
  • Low moods and mood changes**

PCOS affects women in different ways, so not all women will have all these symptoms. Some women may only have mild symptoms, while others may have a wider range of more severe symptoms. Symptoms usually start in adolescence, although some women do not develop them until their early to mid-twenties.**

Long term health risks for women with PCOS

Women with PCOS with insulin resistance may have an increased risk of developing a type of diabetes known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes (type 2 diabetes). This is much more likely to occur in women who are overweight, but can sometimes occur in women of normal weight too.

Women with insulin resistance and central obesity may also be at higher risk of developing heart disease in later life. These risks can be reduced to a large extent by preventive measures such as good nutrition and weight management through an appropriate diet. Preventive measures are particularly important for women who are very overweight, and for women who have a family history of diabetes or heart disease.**


Some women may experience symptoms while others do not. The symptoms of endometriosis can vary in intensity and include:

  • Painful, heavy, or irregular periods**
  • Pain during or after sex**
  • Infertility**
  • Gastrointestinal disturbances**
  • Fatigue**
  • Iron deficiency anaemia**

The severity of endometriosis does not always correspond to the amount of pain and discomfort. It depends, largely, where the endometriosis is situated and growing in the body.**


Irregular Periods

The interval between periods can vary in some women. Irregular periods may indicate that you do not ovulate every month, and the balance of the female hormones may be upset. However, irregular periods are common in the few years leading up to the menopause.

In general, if you have a change from your usual pattern that lasts for several periods, it may be abnormal. It is best to see your gynaecologist or qualified health practitioner if this occurs.**

Heavy periods (menorrhagia)

This is common. There are various causes of heavy periods, including endometriosis, and it is difficult to measure blood loss accurately. The causes to your heavy periods should be investigated thoroughly by your health professional or gynaecologist.**

Painful periods (dysmenorrhoea)

When periods first start they are usually painless. However, later on most girls notice an ache in their lower abdomen, back and tops of the legs, especially in the first few days of a period. The first two days are usually the worst. Some women have more pain than others. It is common to have some period pain. Sometimes conditions such as endometriosis or PCOS/D can make period pains become worse. Natural plant based remedies often help alleviate pain.**

Periods that stop (amenorrhoea)

Pregnancy is the most common reason for periods to stop. However, it is not uncommon to miss the odd period for no apparent reason. But it is unusual to miss several periods unless you are pregnant. Apart from pregnancy, other causes of periods stopping include stress, losing too much weight, exercising too much (long-distance runners, etc.) and hormone problems, all of which need assessment through your preferred health professional.**


The terms pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) and pre-menstrual tension (PMT) are interchangeable. There are more than 100 recognised symptoms that may be due to PMS. Fortunately, most women experience only a handful of problems. The most common symptoms are:**


  • Irritability**
  • Mood swings**
  • Losing your temper easily**
  • Crying for no particular reason**
  • Aggression**
  • Poor concentration**
  • Tiredness**


  • Breast tenderness**
  • Abdominal swelling or bloating**
  • Weight gain**
  • Swollen ankles**
  • Headaches and possibly migraine**


The menopause is the end of the menstrual cycle. This means that a woman’s ovaries stop producing an egg every four weeks. Monthly periods will stop the ability to conceive children.

The average age for a woman to reach the menopause is 52. However, women can also experience the menopause in their thirties or forties. If a woman experiences the menopause under the age of 45, it is known as a premature menopause. Menstruation can sometimes stop suddenly when you reach the menopause. However, it is more likely that your periods will become less frequent, with longer intervals in between each one before they stop altogether.**

What causes the menopause?

The menopause is caused by a change in the balance of the body’s sex hormones. In the lead up to the menopause (perimenopause) oestrogen levels decrease, causing the ovaries to stop producing an egg each month (ovulation). Oestrogen is the female sex hormone that regulates a woman’s periods. The fall in oestrogen also causes both physical and emotional symptoms including:

  • Hot flushes**
  • Night sweats**
  • Mood swings**
  • Vaginal dryness**
  • Skin dryness**
  • Hair loss**
  • Fatigue**
  • Insomnia**
  • Poor concentration**
  • Memory problems**

At the Skin and Nutrition Clinic we help a great number of women to manage hormonal conditions successfully through a thorough assessment which may include hormone blood tests, tailor-made dietary advice and phytomedicines, using individually formulated and medicinally-active plant-based hormonal treatment options to support and restore hormonal balance.

**All the above symptoms can also be caused by other conditions and should always be investigated by your GP or qualified health practitioner. The information and reference guides in this website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. The contents of this web site are not intended to offer personal medical advice, diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. There is no guarantee of specific results the results may vary. Please consult your health care provider for any advice on medication.

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